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JavaScript vendor prefixes

Written byPhuoc Nguyen
07 Sep, 2022
With the same reason of prefixing CSS properties, the browsers also prefix JavaScript APIs in the experimental phase. The following table lists out prefixes of most popular browsers:
`ms`Internet Explorer and Microsoft Edge before it uses the Chromium engine
`o`The old versions of Opera before it uses the WebKit engine
`webkit`Google Chrome, Safari, newer versions of Opera and Edge and almost iOS browsers
For example, we often used this code to determine if the `requestAnimationFrame` function exists historically:
window.requestAnimationFrame =
window.requestAnimationFrame ||
window.mozRequestAnimationFrame ||
window.webkitRequestAnimationFrame ||
window.oRequestAnimationFrame ||
If you want to see a more complex scenario, then the full screen APIs might be a perfect example. Supporting full screen mode must cover the following functionalities:
Standard APIDescription
`fullscreenEnabled`Check if the full screen mode is enabled
`requestFullscreen`Request browsers to enter the full screen mode
`fullscreenElement`Return the full screen element
`fullscreenchange`The event triggers when the full screen mode happens
`exitFullscreen`Exit the full screen mode
We would like to have a wrapper supporting that interface:
enum Api {

type ApiMap = {
[key in keyof typeof Api]: string;
Each browser provides a prefixed versions for each API:
const defaultVendor: ApiMap = {
ExitFullScreen: 'exitFullscreen',
FullScreenChange: 'fullscreenchange',
FullScreenElement: 'fullscreenElement',
FullScreenEnabled: 'fullscreenEnabled',
RequestFullScreen: 'requestFullscreen',

const webkitVendor: ApiMap = {
ExitFullScreen: 'webkitExitFullscreen',
FullScreenChange: 'webkitfullscreenchange',
FullScreenElement: 'webkitFullscreenElement',
FullScreenEnabled: 'webkitFullscreenEnabled',
RequestFullScreen: 'webkitRequestFullscreen',

const mozVendor: ApiMap = {
ExitFullScreen: 'mozCancelFullScreen',
FullScreenChange: 'mozfullscreenchange',
FullScreenElement: 'mozFullScreenElement',
FullScreenEnabled: 'mozFullScreenEnabled',
RequestFullScreen: 'mozRequestFullScreen',

const msVendor: ApiMap = {
ExitFullScreen: 'msExitFullscreen',
FullScreenChange: 'msFullscreenChange',
FullScreenElement: 'msFullscreenElement',
FullScreenEnabled: 'msFullscreenEnabled',
RequestFullScreen: 'msRequestFullscreen',
Finally, we can get the APIs set supported by the current browser:
const vendor: ApiMap =
(Api.FullScreenEnabled in document && defaultVendor) ||
(webkitVendor.FullScreenEnabled in document && webkitVendor) ||
(msVendor.FullScreenEnabled in document && msVendor) ||
Requesting the full screen mode for a given element can be invoked simply:

See also

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