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CSS vendor prefixes

Written byPhuoc Nguyen
07 Sep, 2022
Before a CSS property or JavaScript API is standardized and becomes popular, each browser tries to support it differently by its own engine. We can give it a try by using a different syntax.
A property might need to be prefixed with an identifier indicating the corresponding browsers, for example:
`-ms-`Internet Explorer and Microsoft Edge before it uses the Chromium engine
`-o-`The old versions of Opera before it uses the WebKit engine
`-webkit-`Google Chrome, Safari and newer versions of Opera and Edge
Let's take a look at a simple example. In the old days when the `transition` property is not standardized, we usually had to prefix it to make sure it works in popular browsers:
-webkit-transition: all 400ms ease;
-moz-transition: all 400ms ease;
-ms-transition: all 400ms ease;
-o-transition: all 400ms ease;
transition: all 400ms ease;
However, the `transtion` property is a standard property currently and supported by all modern browsers, we just simply remove all prefixes:
transition: all 400ms ease;
Do we need to track properties which have been standardized and work without being prefixed?
Fortunately, there are more tools to automate the process. They prefix a CSS property automatically based on the data covering which browsers (including versions) support that property. Autoprefixer is one of the most popular tools.

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Phước Nguyễn