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Shorten import paths in Webpack

Written byPhuoc Nguyen
17 Mar, 2021
Say you're using Webpack to bundle your application. If you think that using a relative path when importing a given file is ugly and hard to maintain when changing the directory structure:
import { formatDate } from '../../../helpers/formatDate';
Then using the aliases is one of the solutions. Webpack allows to map a prefix of import path to a given path. For example, we would like to map all the imports starting with `@` to the `src` folder.
The Webpack config looks like:
// webpack.config.js
const path = require('path');

module.exports = {
resolve: {
alias: {
// Assume that the `src` folder is located at the root folder
'@': path.join(__dirname, 'src'),
The helper function mentioned at the top can be shorten as below:
import { formatDate } from '@/helpers/formatDate';
Webpack will be looking for the helper in the `src/helpers/formatDate` file.

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Phước Nguyễn