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Replace multiple if statements with a single switch statement

Written byPhuoc Nguyen
26 Feb, 2021
We demonstrate the trick with a simple issue: Determine the quarter of a given date. Since the month in JavaScript is zero-based, the month of a given `date` can be determined as
// `date` is the input date
const month = date.getMonth() + 1;
The quarter is calculated based on the range of month:
let quarter = 1;
if (month <= 3) {
quarter = 1;
} else if (month <= 6) {
quarter = 2;
} else if (month <= 9) {
quarter = 3;
} else {
quarter = 4;
It is not easy for us to scan multiple `if` statements above. We can make it more readable with a single `switch (true)` statement:
switch (true) {
case month <= 3:
quarter = 1;
case month <= 6:
quarter = 2;
case month <= 9:
quarter = 3;
quarter = 4;
This trick gives us an idea of using `switch (true)` to make the code more readable. The specific issue in this post, calculating the quarter of a given date, can be done with a single line-of-code.

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