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Pass an array as function arguments

Written byPhuoc Nguyen
Category
Tip
Tags
JavaScript
Created
03 Mar, 2021
JavaScript has some built-in functions that accept a list of individuals arguments, but passing an array doen't work. `Math.max`, `Math.min` are some of them.
They are used to find the biggest and smallest numbers in the passed arguments, repectively.
Math.max(1, 2, 3, 4); // 4

// Doesn't work because it treats the array as a single parameter
// That parameter isn't a number, so the function returns `NaN`
Math.max([1, 2, 3, 4]); // NaN
If we want to pass a dynamic array of numbers, then the ES6 spread operator (`...`) can help. It turns a varible to a list of individual parameters:
const array = [1, 2, 3, 4];
Math.max(...array); // 4
JavaScript engines implemented by different browsers have the limited number of parameters. Using the `...` operator doesn't work if you have a big array. Using the `reduce` method doesn't have this problem.
const max = (arr) => arr.reduce((a, b) => Math.max(a, b));
max([1, 2, 3, 4]); // 4

See also

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Phước Nguyễn