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Wait for the next event loop

Written byPhuoc Nguyen
14 Dec, 2023
event loop, next tick, requestAnimationFrame, setTimeout(0)
In JavaScript, there may be times when you need to wait for the next event loop before executing a block of code. For example, you might want to ensure that certain updates to the DOM have been completed before running a function.
To do this, you can create a `Promise` that resolves after the next event loop. The following `waitForNextLoop()` function uses `setTimeout` with a delay of `0` to queue a function call on the event loop. When this function is called, it resolves the `Promise`. This `Promise` can be used in other parts of your code to ensure that the next event loop has completed before proceeding.
const waitForNextLoop = async () => new Promise((resolve) => {
setTimeout(() => {
}, 0);
Here's an example of how you can use the `waitForNextLoop()` function:
waitForNextLoop().then(() => {
console.log('This code runs after the next event loop!');
By using `requestAnimationFrame` instead of `setTimeout`, we can provide some performance benefits. This is because `requestAnimationFrame` allows the browser to optimize when to run your code. It also ensures that your code runs at a consistent frame rate, which can help prevent jank and stuttering in animations.
Here's the modified version:
const nextTick = (): Promise<void> => new Promise((resolve) => requestAnimationFrame(() => resolve()));
When you call `nextTick()`, it returns a new `Promise` that resolves when the next animation frame is ready to be rendered. This ensures that any updates to the UI or animations will be finished before the `Promise` resolves.
Here's an example of how to use the `nextTick()` function:
async function doSomethingAsync() {
await nextTick();
// Code here will run after the next animation frame


See also

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Phước Nguyễn